February 8, 1982
Israel reiterated its threats against the South, while
Lebanon continued its contacts to eliminate the dangers
weighing on the Southern zone and to increase the number of
UNIFL soldiers in the area.
February 24, 1982 A
commando of the partisans of the Imam Moussa Sadr burst into
the Beirut International Airport and took control of a
Boeing 707 of the Kuwait Airways that had just landed with
195 passengers on board. The negotiations led to the release
of the passengers. The commando members surrendered to the
Arab Strike Force. After this incident, the Kuwaiti company
interrupted its flights to Beirut.
February 27, 1982
The explosion of a car bomb killed 4 persons
and wounded 26 others in Ouzaļ.
March 6, 1982
Another car bomb exploded in Jnah killing 6 persons and
injuring 17 others.
March 31, 1982 A new car
bomb exploded next to the Abed clock killing 2 persons and
wounding 4 others.
On April 21, 1982 in south Lebanon, an
Israeli soldier was killed by a land mine in the buffer
zone. Israel retaliated with artillery shelling breaking the
ceasefire, the same ceasefire the PLO had observed
uninterrupted for eleven months. Six successive raids were
reported within 90 minutes against Aramoun, Naameh and
Damour, putting an end to a cease-fire that lasted 9 months.
This new aggression claimed the lives of 80 victims.
April 23, 1982
13 people died and 12 were injured as a result of 24 hours
of intermittent fights in Tripoli between the Iraqi Baas and
the Communist Party militiamen.
Assassination of Sheikh Ahmad Assaf by Syria
Syrians kept assassinating
whoever oppose its military intervention in Lebanon. In
April 27, 1982 Syrian agents killed Sheikh Ahmad Assaf for
his patriotic stands.
(May 2, 1982)
Assassination of Father Phillipe Abou Sleiman
In their continuous attempts
to divert the attention of their crimes in Lebanon, the
Syrian regime maintained the policy of assassinating
religious figures in the towns that are inhabited by mix of
Christians and Muslims or Druze. On May 1, 1982 Father Phillipe Abou Sleiman, a priest in Aley, was killed.
On May 9, Israel bombed and strafed
villages along the Lebanese coast. The PLO fired 100 rounds
of artillery and rockets into northern Israel in
1982 Israelis fighters shot two Syrian Migs over the Kesrouan. The two pilots were handed in to the
Arab Strike Force. Within an hour, the Israeli airplanes
inflicted on Beirut the toughest bombing since the Fakahani
attack in seven successive rounds. Sixty persons were killed
and 270 injured in these air raids against the sectors of
the Sports City, Sabra, Chatila, and Bourj Brajneh.
June 5, 1982
The South was burning. Over 150 persons killed and 250
wounded were reported while the Israeli artillery, navy and
aviation bombarded 38 towns and localities.
In one day, shot down
29 Syrian MiG fighters
without the loss of a single plane.
The Israelis destroyed or damaged 18 of the 19 Syrian
Syrian MiG Shoot down
June 6, 1982 The Israelis
invaded the South along three axes. The Security Council
adopted immediately a resolution requesting the immediate
and unconditional withdrawal of all Israeli forces up to the
internationally recognized borderlines. However, this did
not stop Israel from reaching Saida and Tyr.
As they captured PLO bases in southern Lebanon, the IDF
found huge caches of weapons supplied from virtually every
arms-dealing country in the world, including the US,
Britain, China, France, Germany, Japan, Libya, the Soviet
Union, Sweden, and Vietnam.
1982 The Israelis made a surprise
breakthrough in the Upper-Chouf in Moukhtara, Barouk,
Baakline, up to Ain Zhalta. The Israeli Prime Minister
Menahem Begin sent a message to the Syrian President Hafez
El Assad asking him not to intervene in the fights.
June 11, 1982
207 civilians died and 647 were wounded as a
result of the Israeli barbarian operations.
June 13, 1982
The Israeli troops attacked Baabda where they occupied the
Seraglio and the governmental hospital.
June 18, 1982
The Beirut International Airport was also bombed.
June 28, 1982
The PLO accepted the idea of leaving Beirut to save the
city, with, in return, an Israeli withdrawal from the
surroundings of the capital.
July 3, 1982
While waiting for the PLO's response to the Israeli
conditions, West Beirut was under a tight blockade.
July 5, 1982
The Israelis controlled the Beirut International Airport
where violent fights opposed them to the
Palestinian-Progressive Joint Forces.
July 6, 1982
The US President, Ronald Reagan, decided to
send American troops to Lebanon in order to reestablish
peace and evacuate the Fedayin.
July 11, 1982
It was apocalypse in Beirut! The two sectors of the capital
as well as the mountain were heavily bombed during 15 hours
non-stop, killing 75 persons and injuring 180 others.
July 24, 1982
Bechir Gemayel announced his candidacy for the presidency of
July 27, 1982
On the eve of the return to Beirut of the US envoy, and the
opening of the conference of the Arab Committee, Israel
bombed West Beirut. The Palestinian forces retorted by
shelling East Beirut. 112 deaths and 232 injuries were
reported so far.
August 1, 1982
The occupation of West Beirut turned into an
annihilation war. Violent attacks killed 165 persons and
wounded 400 others.
August 6, 1982
The Accra building occupied by refugees
collapsed during an Israeli air raid on Beirut, provoking
the death of 250 persons.
August 19, 1982
French, Italian, and American contingents were on their way
21, 1982 397 Palestinian fighters were evacuated
towards Larnaca after the arrival of the French
paratroopers. According to a United Nations report, between
the 6th of June 1982 and the 15th of August 1982, 6,775
persons had been killed and 30,000 others wounded. Over 80%
of these victims were civilians form West Beirut. According
to the same source, 2,094 seriously injured persons had been
burned by phosphor bombs.
August 23, 1982 Bechir
Gemayel was elected President of the Lebanese Republic at
the second round, by 57 votes against five abstentions.
August 31, 1982 As the Arab
Strike force was achieving its withdrawal from Beirut,
Israeli fighters shoot a Mig 25 over Antelias.
September 1, 1982 The last
Palestinian fighters left Lebanon. In 12 days, 10,876
Fedayin and 2,700 Syrian soldiers had left the Lebanese
President-elect Bashir Gemayel, a Maronite Catholic
was killed along with many of his companions in the
explosion of his party's Beirut headquarters on
14, 1982 by the SSNP (Syrian Socialist National Party).
The Syrians used Habib Chartouni as an assassin and consider
Chartouni a hero, and they liberated him in October 1990
when they invaded the two Metn.
The explosion killed 20 persons
and wounded 60 others.
Habib Chartouni had belonged to
the pro-Syrian party the PSNS, since 1977, and was recruited
by Assaad Hardane, head of the pro-Syrian party in Lebanon.
Elie Hobeika, head of the Phalangist security had recruited
Habib Chartouni. Hobeika acted in accordance with the
Syrians. Ali Douba, chief of the Syrian intelligence
services supplied Chartouni with the explosives. The Syrians
used Habib Chartouni as an assassin and consider
Chartouni a hero, and they liberated him in October 1990
when they invaded the two Metn.
Bickfaya united the whole country. A national mourning was
announced for one week. All Lebanese parties denounced the
criminal act that killed the future President of the
Republic who was the advocate of a Lebanese identity and of
the necessity of reaching a national understanding.
September 15, Israeli forces moved forward, under
orders from Defense Minister Ariel Sharon who acted without
Israeli cabinet authorization, killing 31 persons and
injuring 121 others. Major damages were also reported.
They took up positions throughout much of West Beirut
truck carrying an anti-aircraft gun drives past a bombed
sports stadium in Beirut during the Israeli invasion of
Driving all the way to Beirut and putting the PLO fighters
and residents, as well as the Lebanese civilian population
of that city, under siege
The Israeli Defense Forces under the
command of Ariel Sharon moved into Beirut and occupied the
Many buildings in west Beirut destroyed by the F 16 plans
Israeli citizens were also unhappy with the war, as
Israelis were killed, and the goals were not clear.
Israel Troops inside of West Beirut
It is estimated that during the entire campaign
killed and 30,000 were wounded from Lebanese and
Israeli troops allowed the Phalangists to enter Sabra and
Shatila to root out terrorist cells believed located there.
Israel Forces entering west
September 16, 1982,
Lebanese Christian Phalangist troops, with the IDF looking
on from surrounding rooftops, entered the Palestinian
refugee camps of Sabra and Shatilla in Beirut
Inside of the destroyed Sabra & Shatila camps
The killing continued until September
17, 1982 morning. At least 1200- 1500 were killed.
The dead, according to the Lebanese account, included 35
women and children. The rest were men: Palestinians,
Lebanese, Pakistanis, Iranians, Syrians and Algerians.
September 21: After that his brother
Bashir had been assassinated on September 14, Gemayel is
This choice was one of necessity, where the Phalange party
tried to make him fill the void (politically and
symbolically) after Bashir. The parliament vote is 78
against 1 in his favor.
A French aircraft carrier makes
its way to Beirut
September 29, 1982
This extreme instability, and horror at the massacre, led
President Reagan to announce on September 20, the formation
of a new MNF from the US,
British, France and Italy intended to give the
Lebanese a chance to stabilize.
A helicopter evacuates American and British civilians from
first elements of some 1,200 Marines began to arrive in
Beirut, eventually growing to about 1,800. While
Israeli troops leave Beirut.
American Base near Airport
US marines Base ' Death from
October 4, 1982 An
assault was perpetrated against an Israeli bus in Aley
killing seven persons.
October 5, 1982 In
retaliation to the Alley assault, the Israelis launched a
raid on Dahr El Baydar and the Upper-Metn.
October 15, 1982 The
killing attempts continued against Israeli soldiers. A car
bomb exploded in Bhamdoun killing 3 persons, of which two
were Israeli, and injuring 10 others.
November 16, 1982 The
Israelis reinforced their control in the Chouf and Aley. The
leaders in the mountain called upon Amine Gemayel who seemed
determined to speed the settlement of the crisis in the
1982 The Lebanese Forces and the Progressive Socialist Party
militiamen started a merciless war in the cazas of Aley and