October 13, 1990 at
The Syrian Forces invaded the Eastern
areas which support the Lebanese Army under heavy air
strikes (the only instance where Syria was able to fly its
air force over Lebanese space without drawing the Israelis)
Soukhoi fighter bombers
against the Palace and the Ministry of Defence.
Artillery shelling and rocket launching, using 130mm, 160mm,
240mm and Grade. more than 10,000 shells in 4 hours
Presidential Palace before the air strike
300 tanks attacked the Christian region. Both
the people and the army attempted to resist this onslaught
but the Syrians were able to take over the area committing
massacres in Dahr El Wahsh, Souk El Gharb, Bsous, Hadeth and
Beit Mery, massacres that left hundreds of people dead and
many more injured.
At 10:00 a.m. the Syrians enter the Palace but
despite this, many units of the Lebanese Army
initially refuse to surrender and
heavy fighting continues.
For three days the Syrians proceeded to steal
could find inside the defense ministry, such as archives,
equipment, computers, maps, and strategic historic
information, which they transported to Syria.
The fall of Baabda. Syrians Army Entered Baabda Palace
The Liberty Statue of Baabda Palace
estimated 700 people were killed by the Syrian invaders that
2000 had been
At least 15
civilians were executed by Syrian soldiers in
Bsous after having been rounded up
from their homes
Syrian troops entering Hadath, 19 people, including three
women, were reported to have
been killed in cold blood in al-Hadath.
Syrian troops attacking from west beirut.
Lebanese Army Captured and taken to Syrian jails where they
are still being held to this day.
was also reported that at least 200 supporters of General Aoun, most of them military
personnel, were arrested by the Syrian forces in east Beirut
and its suburbs, these men
The Syrians executed one of the officers,
Emile Boutros, by forcing him to lay down on the
road and then driving a tank over him.
raising the Lebanese flag as if they are
Syrian troops driving Lebanese youth to
Soldiers of the Lebanese army are
prisoners of the Syrian army and deported to Syrian prisons.
Army liquidated the Sayah family in the village of Bsous.
Coletter Sayah, aged 18, awoke one morning to the noise of
Syrian airplanes. The Sayah family hastened to take shelter
in a ground floor room. Shortly before 8 AM, Colette heard
the first bursts of an automatic and the rumble of tanks in
the village streets.
Outside, men were shouting: "Out! Out! You dogs, you!"
One by one, the members of the Sayah family left their
shelter. In the street, in the house, there were many tens
of Syrian soldiers. They took away Colette, her mother and
her aunts into an adjoining building under construction.
They'd barely arrived there when they heard a series of
The Syrians had just killed all the men of the family. The
father and a cousin with a bullet in their heads, one of the
brothers was shot through his heart. Another brother was
still breathing. Colette asked them to call an ambulance,
but the Syrians preferred that the boy die. He will die in
his sister's arms. Emile and Joseph, the two uncles, were
executed in a staircase. The corpses will lie in the middle
of the road until evening, surrounded by a humming cloud of
flies and bees.
of Dahr al Wahch
Syrian Forces ===>>>
The people of
the village of Dahr al Wahch saw Syrian soldiers push a
column of Lebanese prisoners who were walking in their
shorts towards some unknown destination. A nun, a nurse at
the governmental hospital of Baabda, saw the arrival of
corpses and of the Red Cross ambulances. "I counted between
75 and 80, she explained. Most of them had a bullet in the
back of their heads or in their mouth. The corpses still
carried the mark of cords around their wrists." The rigidity
of the corpses fixed their crossed arms behind their backs.
They were naked, wearing only shorts. Some ten of them had
their eyes gouged out, another ten had an arm or leg cut
off. All had been shot in their heads. There can be no doubt
about their execution.
Syrian troops at the Presidential Palace
Estimates of the
Lebanese Army losses during the battle, who where executed
by the Syrians and who where captured then sent to the
Syrian prisons and never came back to Lebanon ranges between
400 & 500
Around the Presidential Palace
another 51 Lebanese Army soldiers were stripped and
Estimates of Syrian losses
about 600 but some reports said that more than 2000 died
most from the Syrian fire while they where firing at the
front line and many troops have passed the front line. In the battle that followed and it
seems that the 102nd fought on
until their ammunition ran out refusing to let Dahr
el-Wahesh, which overlooks the Palace, fall into
Syrian hands, reports said during this battle in Dahr el
wahesh syrian forces lost many of their soldiers more than
150 . Later that
afternoon some 80 bodies of soldiers of the 102nd would be
brought to a Baabda mortuary,
most had their hands tied behind their backs and had been
shot in the back of the head.
Suleiman Abu Khalil and Father Albert Sherfan,
Two priests, also ''disappeared''
during the events of 13 October 1990. Father
Albert Sherfan was the head of the
Deir al-Qalaa Monastery in Beit Meri and Father Suleiman
was the treasurer. On 13
October 1990 it was reported that the Syrian
forces took up a position near
the monastery, after a long battle which claimed the
lives of 25 Syrian soldiers,
because of its strategic position overlooking the Metn
districts and other areas.
These two priests, who had not been killed in the battle,
''disappeared'' on the same day together with
some soldiers of the Lebanese army
who had apparently taken refuge in the monastery. The
brother of Father Suleiman Abu
13 October 1990 the monastery was occupied by the
Syrian forces. I tried to
obtain an authorization to go and see Suleiman but I
couldn't. At about 10am a
Syrian officer asked to enter the monastery to have a drink
of water. Father Suleiman
appeared at the balcony and at the same time another monk
came out to see what was
happening. The Syrians apparently were surprised to see that
there was more than one monk
in the monastery and became suspicious that people might
be hiding there. Accordingly, the Syrian officers
rang all the Lebanese
authorities they could reach to allow them to enter and
search the monastery.
When they went in they found Lebanese soldiers in
civilian clothes. They
arrested everyone they found and took them away, the
soldiers in a lorry and the
two monks in a Range Rover. All were taken first to Anjar
and then to Far Falastin in
Damascus. We contacted a lot of people to intervene on their
behalf but all our efforts
came to nothing.''